Here is a list of bullet points that I learned from every ten pages of The Shallows as requested by Prof. Hollyfield..
- People naturally get caught up in content of a new medium
- We get distracted as dazzled by the programming rather than realize what is happening in our heads
- Our minds have morphed to the net: we expect it to distribute information the way the net does, swift streams of information.
- Some people compare reading books to butchering one’s own meat or sewing one’s own clothing.
- Old thought processes are traded in for new riches of technology.
- The computer is more than a tool; it’s a machine that exerts unmistakable influence over one’s mind.
- As one becomes more dependent on the net, his attention span weakens.
- Writing equipment takes part in determining thoughts.
- There are 100 billion neurons inside the human brain.
- The adult brain is malleable or “plastic”.
- Merzenich formed a micro map of a monkey’s brain by inserting and reinserting and electrode thousands of times.
- After making an incision into the monkey’s hands, he discovered the monkey’s brain healed in a haphazard way.
- He later found the confusion of the monkey’s brain cleared itself up.
- Merzenich discovered that the human brain is in fact massively plastic
- Human brain plasticity diminishes with age.
- People who imagine playing piano notes retain the information just as well as a person that plays the notes.
- Our thoughts have a physical effect on us.
- Even though our brains are plastic, it does not mean it’s elastic like a rubber band.
- The more a sufferer concentrates on his symptoms are etched into his neural circuits.
- The map is a medium that only stores and transmits information but also embodies a mode of thinking.
- Every technology is an expression of human will.
- Every intellectual technology embodies an intellectual ethic.
- We adapt ourselves to the tools we use.
- Technological advances often mark turning points in history.
- The invention of the map changed the way live our lives. We map everything throughout the day.
- Written word has advantages over spoken word.
- Poetry and literature represented opposing ideals of the intellectual life.
- The ability to write is “utterly invaluable and indeed essential for the realization of fuller, interior, human potentials. Writing heightens consciousness.
- Silent reading was largely unknown in the ancient world.
- Scriptura Continua refers to the lack of spaces between words in ancient writings.
- Johannes Gutenberg went to his hometown Mainz to start on his printing press.
- Deep reading broadens the mind of the reader.
- The writing and reading of books enhanced and refined people’s experience of life and nature.
- Readers mentally stimulate each new situation encountered in a narrative.
- Words in books didn’t just strengthen abstract thinking, but they enriched people’s experience on the physical world.
- With the computer, a new intellectual ethic took hold. The human brain was being rerouted.
- Electric currents are streams of electrons.
- The audion was the first device that allowed the intensity of those streams to be controlled precisely.
- Alan Turing died from eating a cyanide-laced apple.
- The net is bi-directional which causes it to stand out from the other mass media.
- We are reading more today because of the devices we carry such as laptops and cell phones.
- When information is digitized, the boundaries between media dissolve. Specific purpose tools are replaced with all-purpose tools.
- Old technology often continues to be used for a long term even though new technology is introduced.
- Our concentration is broken because of the combination of information thrown at us online.
- The net has begun to alter the way we experience actual performance.
- The book has advantages over a computer. Books are portable and able to be ruined without loosing too much money
- Most people have not shown an interest in e-books despite the hype.
- Zooming in on the page of an e-book is an advantage to digital books.
- Christine Rosen discovered her concentration was lost while trying to read an e-book because of the hyperlinks within them.
- A printed book is a final piece. Pages online can be edited and morphed at anytime
- Our desire for fast pace learning does not spur from the World Wide Web.
- The net delivers the type of information our brain desires at the pace our brain wants.
- The net demands our attention far more than the television or radio ever has
- The net seizes our attention only to scatter it.
- The current explosion of technology is changing the way we communicate and think.
- Distinct neural paths develop during Internet use.
- The need to follow link while reading articles online distract us from the actual content of the article.
- Working memory plays an important role in transferring information to long term memory
- The long-term memory is considered the filing cabinet of the brain.
- Information flowing into our working memory is called the cognitive load.
- The Web supplies us with instant connections between people and businesses
- The Net’s ability to send out information and notifications instantly is a great advantage over traditional ways of communication.
- We want to be interrupted because each interruption brings on new information
- Our eyes don’t read in a swift span, we read in little jumps from word to word.
- The net encourages people to explore topics on a superficial level.
- Web surfers evaluate information so swiftly online that they tend to make decisions unconsciously.
- Companies think about every detail even what color a toolbar is to get more visitors.
- Web pages are analogous to the citations in academic papers.
- The number of visits determines the authority of a web page.
- Google was born of an analogy by Larry Page.
- Rather than selling ads online, Google auctions spaces online.
- By the end of the decade Google was the largest internet company and media company in the world.
- Google spent billions to invest in the time information got to an online viewer.
- Google’s goal is to get viewers in and out quickly.
- Google is literally in the business of distraction.
- The internet is not a library of books it’s a library of snippets.
- The memex is a device in which individual stores all his books, records, and communications so that they can be reached easily.
- Information overload is a permanent affliction and our attempts to cure it make it worse.
- We tend to speak metaphorically about brains as computers.
- To Larry Page, the brain doesn’t just resemble a computer; it IS a computer.
- As people rely on others writings and reading, we rely less on our own memory
- Rather than being stored in our heads, the internet and books stores it for us.
- Our brains should consist of separate compartments for different information storages.
- Devices like calculators, maps, computers, audiotapes, and videotapes expanded artificial memory.
- Memory functions like an index pointing us to places we been to online.
- Implicit memory is recalled through direct performance.
- When we think back on memory, we are referring to explicit memory.
- When our sleep suffers so does our memory.
- The amount of memory that can be stored in long-term memory is virtually boundless.
- The key to memory consolidation is attentiveness
- The net provides boundless tools and means of distractions that cause our thought process to scatter.
- People become emotionally attached to human like software.
- The Turing test determined if a machine could pass for a human or not.
- ELIZA caused people to think for themselves and work out their own problems.
- Our brains can imagine the mechanics and the benefits of a new device before actually using it.
- We form tight bonds with our tools because we use them to further our own abilities.
- Every tool imposes limitations just as it opens opportunities.
- Today, kids are learning to use a keyboard over a classic penmanship lesson.
- A broadening of available information led to a narrowing of science and scholarship.
- Rather than following our own intuitions online we go through the motions.
- The Internet can be compared to a city, buzzing with activity and excitement
- Not only does deep thinking call for a calm, attentive mind, but one that is compassionate and empathetic as well.
- The Net reroutes our vital paths and diminishes our capacity for contemplation.
- We owe to ourselves to hold on to our memory and what we have before we give it away.
- Our intelligence flattens as we rely on computers for information.